Rare & Endangered Species

sedum Rare & Endangered Species

Grandfather’s Rare & Endangered Species

The North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission, North Carolina Natural Heritage and the Nature Conservancy have done surveys of the plants and animals on Grandfather Mountain and have ranked the endangered species according to rarity.

BR goldenrod Rare & Endangered SpeciesG1 – Critically imperiled globally (5 or fewer occurrences worldwide)

* Spruce Fir Moss Spider (arachnid)
* Blue Ridge Goldenrod (vascular plant)
* Frullania appalachiana (liverwort)

G2 – Imperiled globally because of rarity (6 to 20 occurrences worldwide)

hellers Rare & Endangered Species* Spreading Avens (vascular plant)
* Rock Gnome Lichen (lichen)
* Bazzania nudicaulis (liverwort)
* Plagiochila sullivantii (liverwort)
* Sphenolobopsis personii (liverwort)
* Grandfather Mountain Lepodontium (moss)
* Bent Avens (vascular plant)
* Roan Mountain Bluet (vascular plant)
* Heller’s Blazing Star (vascular plant)
* Velvet Covert (mollusk)
* High Mountain Supercoil (mollusk)

G3 – Either rare throughout its range or found locally in a restricted range (21 to 100 occurrences worldwide)

vaseyi Rare & Endangered Species* Bog Turtle (reptile)
* Eastern Small-footed Bat (mammal)
* Appalachian Woodrat (mammal)
* Weller’s Salamander (amphibian)
* Waterfan (lichen)
* Plagiochila virginica (liverwort)
* Plagiochila austinii (liverwort)
* Trailing Wolfsbane (vascular plant)
* Wretched Sedge (vascular plant)
* Tall Larkspur (vascular plant)
* Gray’s Lily (vascular plant)
* Azalea vaseyi (vascular plant)
* Rota’s Feather Moss (moss)
* Pigmy Salamander (amphibian)
* Mountain Bittercress (vascular plant)
* Carolina Saxifrage (vascular plant)
* Roan Rattlesnakeroot (vascular plant)
* Appalachian Golden-banner (vascular plant)

big eared bat Rare & Endangered SpeciesS1- Critically imperiled in North Carolina (5 or fewer occurrences)

* Virginia Big-Eared Bat (mammal)
* Magnolia Warbler (bird)
* Alpine Camouflage Lichen (lichen)
* Mylia taylorii (liverwort)
* Lime Homalia (moss)
* Pale-margined Leptodontium (moss)
* Canada Reed Grass (vascular plant)
* Hemlock Parsley (vascular plant)
* Fragile Fern (vascular plant)
* Matted Feather Moss (moss)
* Fireweed (Purple Willowherb) (vascular plant)
* Balsam Ragwort (vascular plant)
* Fruitful Locust (vascular plant)
* Roseroot (vascular plant)
* Metzgeria temperata (liverwort)
* Northern Peatmoss (moss)
* Peregrine Falcon (bird)
* Pinebarren Death-camus (vascular plant)

saw whet Rare & Endangered SpeciesS2- Imperiled in North Carolina because of rarity (6-20 occurrences)

* Carolina Northern Flying Squirrel (mammal)
* Southern Water Shrew (mammal)
* Sharp-shinned Hawk (bird)
* Northern Saw-whet Owl (bird)
* Black-billed Cuckoo (bird)
* Palaeagpetus celsus (insect)
* Smyth’s Green Comma (insect)
* Sand-loving Iceland Lichen (lichen)
* Plagiochila corniculata (liverwort)
* Wood’s Sedge (vascular plant)
* Appalachian Fir Clubmoss (vascular plant)
* Deerhair Bulrush (vascular plant)
* Hermit Thrush (bird)
* Long-tailed Shrew (mammal)
* Cranberry (vascular plant)

crossbill Rare & Endangered SpeciesS3- Rare or uncommon in North Carolina (21-100 occurrences)

* Northern Long-eared Bat (mammal)
* Appalachian Cottontail (mammal)
* Brown Creeper (bird)
* Southern Appalachian Red Crossbill (bird)
* Southern Appalachian Black-capped Chickadee (bird)
* Appalachian Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (bird)
* Northern Shorthusk (vascular plant)
* Micrasema burksi (insect)

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  • Everyone needs to wash their spirit clean where nature heals and gives strength to both body and soul. Grandfather Mountain has been a place that has helped me reconnect with nature every time I hike his trails. I can feel him whispering to me each visit, or while I'm just sitting on the side of the mountain seeking nothing but a cool breeze and the quiet he offers. I raised my two children on those trails, teaching them we are just caretakers of this wonderful place and it must be protected for the generations that follow. This place is special and GM never lets me down. We must continue to protect this sacred place and be sure that 100 years from now, all his beauty remains the same for those who follow.
    Greensboro, NC
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